BUKOVYNIAN CULTURE
Folk musicians, performance during Chernivtsi City Day, Bukovynian Culture, Bukovyna, Chernivtsi, Ukraine

Performance of folk musicians during the City Day

Throughout centuries Chernivtsi, as the center of Bukovyna, was forming as a multinational city with tolerance atmosphere which became the cradle of artists representing different cultures. Literature and art chronicles of the city are abundant of names well-known both in Ukraine and in whole Europe. Today you may learn the cultural heritage of Bukovyna in the Star Alley in Teatralna Square. It represents dozens of names of famous culture personalities whose life and work are tightly connected with Chernivtsi.

 

Bukovynian literature works are represented by numerous glorious names. The best known of them are Olha Kobylyanska, Yuriy Fedkovych (classics of Ukrainian literature), Mihai Eminecu (famous Romanian poet), Rosa Ausländer and Paul Celan (Jewish poets writing mostly in German). Paul Celan’s works belong to the treasure of the world culture. All of them wrote in different languages and each of them had own unique style. Most of these people were born in Chernivtsi, got their education here and formed as creative personalities.

Olha Kobylyanska

Olha Kobylyanska, Bukovynian Culture, Bukovyna, Chernivtsi, Ukraine

The whole world knows Joseph Schmidt, a tenor, "German Caruso” from Bukovyna. He started his singer career from the child choir of Chernivtsi Temple Synagogue and after some time his song went round the world.

Joseph Schmidt

Joseph Schmidt, Bukovynian Culture, Bukovyna, Chernivtsi, Ukraine

 Volodymyr Ivasyuk, the author of storied Chervona Ruta ("Red Rue”) was living and creating in Chernivtsi.

Volodymyr Ivasyuk

Volodymyr Ivasyuk, Bukovynian Culture, Bukovyna, Chernivtsi, Ukraine

Olha Kobylyanska Music and Drama Theater is the main center of the city culture. Besides the Theater, there is also Oblast Philharmonic Hall built in 1877 as the Music Society House. Today in this structure you can hear unique melodies of the Carpathians, see original Hutsul dances performed by Bukovynian Honoured Song and Dance Ensemble covering almost 80 types of theatrics. The Hall was the first step to the great podium for Sophia Rotaru, Nazariy Yaremchuk, Vasyl Zinkevych, Pavlo Dvorskiy (first members of the famous Smerichka band) and other talented singers.

Smerichka band, mid 1970s

Smerichka band, Bukovynian Culture, Bukovyna, Chernivtsi, Ukraine

Chernivtsi residents and its guests can make use of the Organ Hall  (in the Armenian Catholic Church), Oblast Puppet Theater, more than 10 museums, 4 music schools and one art school, 5 movie theaters, House of Aesthetics and Leisure, Center of Culture and Arts, Ballroom Dance Studio, 10 clubs, 31 libraries. The city has more than 100 religious organizations and diocesan authorities, 4 religious institutions.

 

More than a dozen of active non-profit cultural organizations operate in Chernivtsi, including A.Mickiewicz Polish Culture Society, M.Eminescu Romanian Culture Society, Society of Austrian and German Culture, Chernivtsi Oblast Branch of Ukrainian Culture Fund. Since 1997 Chernivtsi has hosted an international art event under "Days of European Culture Heritage” project. Every year "Bukovynian Meetings” folklore festival is held during the City Day in which art groups from Poland, Hungary, Romania and Germany take part.

 

Chernivtsi was the city that initiated Chervona Ruta, a Ukrainian national song festival, hosts V.Ivasyuk International Song Festival and Vizerunky Bukovyny ("Bukovynian Designs”) Oblast Art Festival.

No doubt, Bukovyna is also proud of its folk culture. Due to ethnic variety, this features a lot of traditions and styles. Naturally, it offers visitors a lot of beautiful crafts, embroidery and pottery being among them. Embroidered rushnyky (towels), pyrography, painting on wood, bead necklaces and other items impress with their beauty.

Embroidered rushnyky (towels)

Embroided Rushnyky (towels), Bukovynian Culture, Bukovyna, Chernivtsi, Ukraine

Wood crafts

Wood crafts, bead necklaces, Bukovynian Culture, Bukovyna, Chernivtsi, Ukraine
Weaver installation, Museum of Folk Architecture and Crafts, Bukovynian Culture, Bukovyna, Chernivtsi, Ukraine

Maslyana (also known as Maslenitsa) is an ancient Slavic holiday to see off the winter and to welcome the spring. During this event celebrated for a week during mid March people eat pancakes and burn the didukh straw puppet.

A didukh in Soborna Sq, Chernivtsi

Maslyana, Maslenitsa, didukh installation, Bukovynian Culture, Bukovyna, Chernivtsi, Ukraine

The Petrivsky Yarmarok (Saint Peter Fair) timed to Saint Peter Day in July is one of the most notable events in Chernivtsi and whole Bukovyna. It is arranged for a weekend and during this time the city's downtown becomes one big market in which kiosks selling literary everything are mixed with various performances.

Petrivsky Yarmarok, a stage with folk performance in Soborna Sq, Chernivtsi

Performance, Petrivsky Yarmarok, Bukovynian Culture, Bukovyna, Chernivtsi, Ukraine

A kiosk with vyshyvanky (embroidered shirts) of different styles

Vyshyvanky embroidered shirts, Petrivsky Yarmarok, Bukovynian Culture, Bukovyna, Chernivtsi, Ukraine

Crafts made from sheep wool

Crafts from sheep wool, Petrivsky Yarmarok, Bukovynian Culture, Bukovyna, Chernivtsi, Ukraine

Bryndza (cheese made from sheep milk) of various shapes and compositions

Bryndza cheese, Petrivsky Yarmarok, Bukovynian Culture, Bukovyna, Chernivtsi, Ukraine

During Petrivsky Yarmarok Chernivtsi's streets are totally packed up with people

Crowds of people, Petrivsky Yarmarok, Bukovynian Culture, Bukovyna, Chernivtsi, Ukraine

Naturally, it is impossible to imagine today's Bukovyna without Malanka Fest, Ukraine's main carnival timed to the religious St. Melania ("Malanka") Day and St. Basil Day. Respectively, this is usually conducted on January 14, although this date may be moved a bit to match the weekend. During the Festival groups from different towns and settlements of Bukovyna compete in the artistic ingenuity.

Malanka Parade in Centralna Sq

Malanka Parade, Bukovynian Culture, Bukovyna, Chernivtsi, Ukraine

Guisers in Filarmonska Sq

Guisers, Malanka Fest, Bukovynian Culture, Bukovyna, Chernivtsi, Ukraine

Seeing this various costumes you may feel as if in a parallel world

Guisers, Malanka Fest, Bukovynian Culture, Bukovyna, Chernivtsi, Ukraine

And yet more guisers!

Guisers, Malanka Fest, Bukovynian Culture, Bukovyna, Chernivtsi, Ukraine

A Trojan Horse installation

Trojan horse, Guisers, Malanka Fest, Bukovynian Culture, Bukovyna, Chernivtsi, Ukraine

A big Vatra (fire) is a common way of crowning every big Bukovynian holiday

Vatra (fire), Bukovynian Culture, Bukovyna, Chernivtsi, Ukraine
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