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The name "Bukovyna" developed from the word "buk", a "beech" in English. And it's not by a mere chance. Bukovyna's territory, both in mountains and lowlands, is covered with dense forests. In many places, beeches prevail indeed accompanied by other species, such as fir trees and pines, silver firs and Swiss pine trees and, naturally, oaks.
Bukovyna has three National Parks. Two of them, Vyzhnytsia and Cheremosh parks, are in the Carpathians, in Vyzhnytsia and Putyla Districts respectively. The third one, Khotyn National Nature Park, is in Oblast's North-East spreading over parts of Khotyn, Kelmentsi and Sokyriany Districts. These are purposed to maintain the natural heritage in its best form preventing its industrial development and poaching.
In addition to natural landscapes, Chernivtsi Oblast has a number of man-made places with beautiful plants. These are arboretums and parks in different big and small towns, for example, in Storozhynets, Berehomet and Brusnytsya.
Vyzhnytsia National Nature Park is located in Vyzhnytsia District of Chernivtsi Oblast. In its today’s form, the Park was established in 1995, although the history of its creation dates back to late 1940s. The Park stretches over the interfluve area between the Cheremosh and the Siret rivers. The area now totals 11238 hectares.
The park was founded in 1912 by effort of the Orenshteins family based on a natural mixed forest. The arboretum's core is formed by 100-200 year old giant trees – oaks, maples, lime, ash, and fir trees. Their protection appeared sound for foreign guests, such as slender North-American fir trees and cedars, as well as japonicas. When visitors go upward from the old part along the lime alley, their attention will be drawn by a group of Manchurian aralias. This tree is also called "damned tree”, "thorn tree” and "Far-East palm”. And that’s right, as its beauty is protected by its cruelty. This tree's leaves and inflorescences, the length of which reaches almost one meter, are densely covered with long burs. The tree shape really makes it similar to the palm-tree. The Manchurian aralia, a sister of ginseng, is an important medicine plant.
Today's part of the village hospital, Berehomet Arboretum was founded by Mykola Vasylko (a deputy of the Austrian Parliament in Vienna from Bukovyna) in 1890. Although today this monument of topiary art looks unkept, it’s still unique. The Park's territory is made of one hectare and includes 54 tree and bush species. Its pearl are two trees of golden pseudomodrinia naturally growing only in the delta of the Chang Jiang river in China. This is the only place in Ukraine where these rare exotic plants grow. Another unique natural artefact is the Japanese Ginkgo biloba tree. This is an ancient tree species remembering the dinosaur era. Now the park has three Ginkgo trees. Fans of green nature will also notice the relict European yew (Taxus baccata), camphor baccata and common hemlock (Tsuga canadensis). But the Park's most notable decoration is the tulip tree (Liriodendron tulipifera).