JEWISH CEMETERY
The local Moan Wall made from shatters of destroyed tombstones, Jewish cemetery in Zelena St, Chernivtsi, Ukraine

The local Moan Wall made from shatters of destroyed tombstones

The Jewish cemetery is a part of the Historical and Cultural Conservation Area of Cemetery in Zelena St. The facility  was established in 1866 based on the resolution of Chernivtsi municipality.

 

Engineer Reli, the design author, wanted to make the Jewish cemetery a park monument. Its territory is broken into planned quarters making a single closed complex. The formation of quarters finished in late 1880s. Today this place of grief, history and aesthetics has 137 quarters.

 

The territory of today’s cemetery occupies about 14 hectares. It has two entrances, the main entrance from Zelena St and the secondary one from Lubenska St. According to some estimates, more than 50 thousand Chernivtsi residents rest in this monument’s territory. Many of them played an important role in cultural and economic development of the city and whole Bukovyna.

 

The cemetery's Beit Kaddishim (ceremonial building) building was erected in 1905 by architect Josef Funkel for the funds of the Jewish religious community. It includes four rooms: the ceremony hall, mortuary, office room and the ceremony store. The building is now heavily deteriorated and needs renovation.

The plaque on the Moan Wall (see above) naming its authors and other people who took part in its installation

The plaque on the Moan Wall naming its authors and promoters, Jewish cemetery in Zelena St, Chernivtsi, Ukraine

The grave of rabbi Heim Flom

Grave of rabbi Heim Flom, Jewish cemetery in Zelena St, Chernivtsi, Ukraine
A grave from the period between the two World Wars, Jewish cemetery in Zelena St, Chernivtsi, Ukraine

Explanations of symbols on Jewish tombstones (sorry for the quality, due to the nasty weather the stand fell down and I had to hold it with one hand keeping the camera in the other)

Explanations of symbols on Jewish tombstones, in English. Jewish cemetery in Zelena St, Chernivtsi, Ukraine

The Ukrainian version

Explanations of symbols on Jewish tombstones, in Ukrainian. Jewish cemetery in Zelena St, Chernivtsi, Ukraine

A family burial vault

A family burial vault. Jewish cemetery in Zelena St, Chernivtsi, Ukraine

Some tombs look like houses

Tombs like houses. Jewish cemetery in Zelena St, Chernivtsi, Ukraine

And many graves are literary architectural masterpieces

An architectural masterpiece. Jewish cemetery in Zelena St, Chernivtsi, Ukraine

A close-up of the above grave

A plaque on the grave. Jewish cemetery in Zelena St, Chernivtsi, Ukraine

Another piece-of-art family vault

A family vault. Jewish cemetery in Zelena St, Chernivtsi, Ukraine

And the plaque mentioning its permanent residents

A grave plaque with names of the deceased. Jewish cemetery in Zelena St, Chernivtsi, Ukraine

Graves from the early XX century

Graves from the early XX century. Jewish cemetery in Zelena St, Chernivtsi, Ukraine

An ornamented tomb

An ornamental tomb. Jewish cemetery in Zelena St, Chernivtsi, Ukraine

A grave dated November 1941. A very meaningful year...

A grave dated 1941. A very meaningful year... Jewish cemetery in Zelena St, Chernivtsi, Ukraine

A tomb from the end XIX century

A tomb from the end XIX century. Jewish cemetery in Zelena St, Chernivtsi, Ukraine

The German language on its plaque brings us back to the times of the Austro-Hungarian rule in Bukovyna

Grave of Abraham Gang. German text. Jewish cemetery in Zelena St, Chernivtsi, Ukraine

Graves with Yiddish text only. Although hard to read, they establish the sense of the place and the ancient culture

Graves with Yiddish texts. Jewish cemetery in Zelena St, Chernivtsi, Ukraine

Some of destroyed tomb stones of this type were used building the Moan Wall in Chernivtsi

Graves with Yiddish texts. Jewish cemetery in Zelena St, Chernivtsi, Ukraine

A mama rests here

A mama rests here. Jewish cemetery in Zelena St, Chernivtsi, Ukraine

The ceremonial building definitely needs renovation

Beit Kaddishim (Ceremony Hall). Jewish cemetery in Zelena St, Chernivtsi, Ukraine
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