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The Western part of Bukovyna is formed by the Carpathians. Basically, there are three mountain subsystems covering or touching Chernivtsi Oblast: the Yalovychory Mountains (in Bukovyna's South-West to its border with Pokuttya, i.e. in almost whole Putyla District), the Pokuttya-Bukovynian Carpathians stretching from Invano-Frankivsk Oblast south to the Ukrainian-Romanian border through territories of Vyzhnytsia, Putyla and Storozhynets Districts, and the Verkhovyna-Putyla low-hill terrain between them.
There are a lot of mountains in the Bukovynian Carpathians, 38 of them 1000 m high or above. The highest peaks are located in the Yalovychory, namely the Yarovytsya (1567 m), Chorny Dyv (1453 m), Zhupaniya-Bukovynyana (1448 m). In Vyzhnytsia District the highest peak is the Lungul (1377 m) followed by the Munchelyk (1313 m) and the Traven (1222 m). Storozhynets District also has significant summits, in particular, the Petroushka (1139 m) and the Bukovo (1104 m) peaks. The mountains form vivid landscapes, many of them have attractive rock formations.
The Bukovynian (as well as all the) Carpathians have a lot of big and small lakes (e.g. Hirske Oko), rivers, in particular, the Cheremosh, Vizhenka, Yalovychora, Sarata, Siret and beautiful waterfalls on them.
The Chorny Dyv mountain ridge is a true natural wonder. Its rock formations are in the Yalovychory mountains, one of the most beautiful places of the Ukrainian Carpathians. Here, on the border of the Sarata and Perkalab rivers, you’ll see picturesque rocks surrounded by a coniferous forest with steep 50-60m high walls formed by grey and green-grey lime stones of the Jurassic period (aged 210 million years).
The stone walls have deep vertical splits where you can find edelweiss alpine flowers which are quite rare for the Carpathians. You can also meet other endemic species here. The rocks provide a wonderful panorama of the surrounding Carpathian ridges.
The Kamyana Bahachka (literary "petrified rich lady”) is in Ust-Putyla village near the place where the Putylka river joins the Cheremosh. The rock is located on the left side of the road and is a 30m-high and 12m-wide pyramid-shaped geological formation, which proportions make it similar to a human body.
The Nimchych mountain pass connects Vyzhnytsia and Putyla Districts going from Vizhenka settlement to Roztoky village. The pass is 586m high. In the summer this place serves as a leisure and hiking center, and in the winter it tuns into a ski resort.
Still, for a true nature fan Nimchych means unique panoramic view of the surrounding mountains and the Cheremosh valley. You’ll see the Verkhorichya mountain (834m) in the North, Prosichka (913m) in the South, the Bankiv mountain range (870.7 at the highest point) in the East and wonderful hutsul Roztoky village hidden in the narrow Cheremosh valley in the West.
The Protyate Kaminnya (literary "penetrated stones”) is an amazing natural formation, a group of rocks generated from broken sandstone layers and pierced with various holes and passages. The place is located near the Nimchych passover on the mountain ridge between the Vyzhenka and Smuhariv rivers.