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Bukovyna is a land with unique nature. It is gifted with steep rocks and green alpine meadows, large and small rivers, dense forests and wide prairies, lots of flora and fauna species. Chernivtsi Oblast has 243 territories and items of the nature reserve fund including 7 wildlife sanctuaries, 8 natural monuments, arboretum of the Chernivtsi National University, Vyzhnytsia National Nature Park, Storozhynets arboretum being nationally important, Chernivtsi regional landscape parks Cecino, Valea Kuzmina (a 250-300 year-old beech forest with a picturesque lake, plots with rare plants and mineral sources), as well as 136 nature monuments, 46 parks being monuments of garden art and 39 reserved stows of local significance.
There are a lot of mountains in the Bukovynian Carpathians, 38 of them 1000 m high or above. The highest peaks are located in the Yalovychory, namely the Yarovytsya (1567 m), Chorny Dyv (1453 m), Zhupaniya-Bukovynyana (1448 m). In Vyzhnytsia District the highest peak is the Lungul (1377 m) followed by the Munchelyk (1313 m) and the Traven (1222 m). Storozhynets District also has significant summits, in particular, the Petroushka (1139 m) and the Bukovo (1104 m) peaks. The mountains form vivid landscapes, many of them have attractive rock formations.
The name "Bukovyna" developed from the word "buk", a "beech" in English. And it's not by a mere chance. Bukovyna's territory, both in mountains and lowlands, is covered with dense forests. In many places, beeches prevail indeed accompanied by other species, such as fir trees and pines, silver firs and Swiss pine trees and, naturally, oaks.
Bukovyna has three National Parks. Two of them, Vyzhnytsky and Cheremosh, are in the Carpathians, in Vyzhnytsia and Putyla Districts respectively. The third one, Khotynsky National Nature Park, is in Oblast's North-East spreading over parts of Khotyn, Kelmentsy and Sokyriany Districts. These are purposed to maintain the natural heritage in its best form preventing its industrial development and poaching.
Bukovyna is not only green from grass and trees, it is also blue due to its rivers and lakes. The largest river flowing on the border of Chernivtsi Oblast is the Dniester whose canyon is one of the most beautiful not only in Ukraine but definitely in the whole Europe. It is slow and very good to swim and fish or have a rest on a sandy beach. The Cheremosh is totally different, flowing in the Carpathians, it is shallow and fast attracting fans of rafting. The Hirske Oko ("Mountain Eye") lake is not big but transparent and strikes with its beauty.
There are several caves in Bukovyna, mostly in Zastavna and Novoselytsia Districts. Some of them are of karstic origin, others have crystals on their walls. Although most Bukovynian caves have open access, it is always recommended to have an experienced guide visiting them. And Popelyushka ("Cinderella") cave, as it is located on the border between Ukraine and Moldova, requires special permits only being accessible together with professional speleologists.