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As every historically meaningful city, Chernivtsi is proud of numerous monuments in its squares and arteries. These reflect different phases of the community development, starting from the Austro-Hungarian Empire through Russian, Romanian and Soviet times to today's independent Ukraine. In different times, they were erected to commemorate outstanding people and events of different levels, be that the first Chernivtsi mayor or the Austrian Emperor, soldiers who died in international missions or those who won the World War II. Chernivtsi monuments remind or prominent artists and luminaries of Ukrainian, Romanian, Jewish, Armenian, Czech and many other cultures. As the city is devoted to revive its historical significance, the number of monuments is growing - and that is a good sign!
Taras Shevchenko, probably, the most outstanding poetical, literature and cultural figure in Ukraine's history, has never visited Bukovyna but his influence on the development of this land's Ukrainian national conscience is hard to overestimate. The first substantial commemoration of his memory was yet in 1909 during the Austro-Hungarian rule, when a street in today's city center was given his name...
Engineer Reli, the design author, wanted to make the Jewish cemetery a park monument. Its territory is broken into planned quarters making a single closed complex. The formation of quarters finished in late 1880s. Today this place of grief, history and aesthetics has 137 quarters.
Despite its name, the cemetery has always been used to give eternal rest regardless of the dead person’s ethnicity. Most probably, this was named after the Ruska (Russian) Street nearby and initially served for burying victims of epidemics. Some time later its purpose changed to burying both eminent and ordinary citizens of the city. Some mass graves from the times of the World War I can be found here. Now the Russian Cemetery has been officially recognized a historical monument.
Olha Kobylyanska's cultural and social effect in Bukovyna was extremely huge, for which reason her name was given to the most beautiful street of Chernivtsi and to the City Drama Theater. In 1980 sculptors A. Skyba and M. Miroshnychenko erected, based on the design by O.Taratuta, a bronze statue of sitting Olha in front of the Theater named after her.
Yuriy Fedkovych was born in Storonets-Putyliv (today's Putyla), Bukovyna, in 1834. His first set of poems was published in 1862. After Yuriy retired from the military service, he returned to his native village and became an active community worker there.
The monument was erected in 1946 in the public garden in today's Soborna Sq, in place of the unfinished Romanian monument to the unknown soldier. Sculpted by H.L. Petrashevych and designed by V.I. Hryhor. The granite obelisk with a bronze sculpture of a soldier was commemorated to March 29, 1944, the day Chernivtsi was finally liberated from Nazi invaders. After some time the structure became a local symbol of victory in the World War II.
The first tank to enter Chernivtsi on March 25, 1944 liberating the city from Nazi invaders. During the battle it put out of action three enemy tanks. Lieutenant Pavel Nikitin (1923-1944) died the same or the next day (according to different sources) as a hero and was buried in the Russian Cemetery.
During the Soviet times, on December 14, 1949 the monument was removed. In the middle 2000s enthusiasts found six major fragments of the structure, in particular, the split pedestal with inscriptions. The cracked plate was installed in its former place.
Josef Hlávka was an outstanding Czech and Austro-Hungarian architect whose cultural legacy includes 150 outstanding structures. Born in 1831 in Přeštice, the Kingdom of Bohemia, in his 30 years of age Josef won the contract to build Vienna State Opera House designed by his teachers, architects August Sicard von Sicardsburg and Eduard van der Nüll, with which task he successfully coped.
Hlávka's contribution to the architectural image of Chernivtsi is hard to estimate. He designed or participated in designing the buildings that form today's face of the city, such as the former Residence of Bukovynian Metropolitans (today's main Building of the Chernivtsi National University), Justice Palace (today's building of the Oblast State Administration), Building of the Provincial Government, Armenian Catholic Church.
Emperor Franz Joseph I has greatly promoted the development of Bukovyna, the 12th province of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, in particular in Chernivtsi that was factually the land's capital. The construction of many city's buildings was initiated, assisted and financed by his effort.
The monument is shaped as archangel Michael wearing Ukrainian ethnic clothes holding a spear in one hand and a shield in the other. The text on the shield says "Attain free Ukraine or die for her" (which was the first of the "Ten Commandments of the Ukrainian Nationalist"). The lower part of the sculpture, closer to the pedestal, demonstrates the trident (Ukrainian coat of arms) with engraved dates: 1918, 1941, 1944.
Mihai Eminescu, a famous Romanian and Moldavian poet, novelist, journalist actor and cultural activist, was born in Ipotești village, Botoșani Region in 1850. In 1858-1860 the young boy attended his elementary school, and then, in 1860-1866, the Gymnasium, in Chernivtsi. After he completed his high school, Mihai was traveling in Bukovyna, Moldavia, Walachia and Transylvania for three years.
In 1869-1874 the young poet was attending Vienna and Berlin Universities taking law and philosophy courses together with some lectures in history and literature. Later, upon graduation, Eminescu combined his public work with literature and culture activities generating a number of fundamental works of the Romanian and Moldavian literature.
The bronze monument to Eugen Hackmann, the first Metropolitan of the Orthodox Metropolis of Bukovyna and Dalmatia, was erected in 2006 in the yard of the Holy Spirit Cathedral, sculptured by M. Myroshnychenko and designed by V. Kilchytsky.
Hackmann's religious activities focused on increasing the education level of orthodox priesthood, construction of temples. Thanks to his persistence Holy Spirit Cathedral and St. Praxedia Church were built in Chernivtsi and, which is probably most important, the majestic ensemble of the Residence was initiated.
The bronze monument to P. Celan was installed in 1992 in a garden in Holovna St, sculpted by I. Salevych. The monument was gifted to the city by Austria during the Days of Austrian Culture in Ukraine.
Sydir Vorobkevych born 1836 in Chernivtsi was and remains an outstanding personality in the establishing and promoting of the Ukrainian language. Amongst his other poems and prose, he wrote the text of the Native Language (Ridna Mova) song, which is now the anthem to every Ukrainian linguistics student.
A plaster copy of the sculptured portrait was installed yet in 1991, and on the City Day (October 6) in 2006, under auspices of Chernivtsi politicians and public figures, that was replaced with the original copper work sculptured by Mykola Lysakivsky.